Geraille National Park

Geraille is a new park and it lies in Liben Zone in the Southwest part of the Somali National Regional State. In Liben Zone, it is located in the eastern part of Moyle Woreda. It is about 900 km southeast of Addis Ababa and 120 km northeast of Moyle. The park covers around 38,580 hectare of area. The area encompasses what used to be previously known as the Borena Controlled Hunting Area in Southern Ethiopia.

The Park was proposed to conserve various savannah wildlife including rare animals like, Giraffe, African Elephant and even the Black Rhinoceros. Although local people claim to have seen the latter visits to the area have proved otherwise. Geraille has low human population density but is relatively rich in wildlife resources.

The Dawa River forms important surface water feature for this arid site. The whole area is found within a semi-arid zone and is characterized by prolonged dry season lasting up to seven months. A bimodal rain pattern is apparent with peaks from September to November and from April to June. The dominant vegetation type is Acacia-Commiphora. At least 36 species of larger mammals have been identified including bats. Major wildlife conserved includes Beisa Oryx, Grant’s gazelle, Gerenuk, Lesser Kudu, and Guenther’s Dik-Dik. Avifauna is rich as well and a provisional list for the area has 164 recorded species.

The park has about 27 larger mammals, excluding rodents, bats and other smaller mammals. Some of the most common wild mammals includes Beisa Oryx (Oryx beisa), Grant’s Gazelle (Gazella Granti), Gerenuk ( Litocranius walleri), Lesser Kudu (Tragelaphus imberbis) and Güenther’s Dik-Dik ( Madoqua guentheri). Endangered and critically endangered species, that are present and believed to be present in the area and undoubtedly need sound management for their future survival includes African Elephant (Loxodonta Africana), Rhinoceros (Diseros bicornis) and Giraffe (Girafa camelopardalis).

The Geraille National Park is rich in avian diversity. A total of over 164 species, including the endemic bird White tailed swallow (Hirundo meganesis), were recorded within the park.

This park was proposed by the Somali National Regional state, although it is now under the supervision of EWCA, to conserve unique assemblage of wildlife. The park is known to harbor few Elephants, Hunting Dog, Cheetah and Giraffe. It provides haven for several antelope species. The most prolific antelopes are Guenther’s Dik-Dik, Beisa Oryx, Grant’s Gazelles, Gerenuk and Lesser Kudu. Amongst birds, the endemic white-tailed Swallow has been recorded here. The site is found wholly within the Juba/Shebelle Endemic Bird Area. Restricted range species including the White-winged Dove and juba Weaver are residents. The area conserves not less than 50% of birds listed in the Somali-Masai Biome Assemblage.